No. The nationwide cycle of “booms” (major bull markets) followed by “busts” (major depressions), are the result of the only agency that has the power to act on a nationwide scale: the government.
A depression is a major nationwide decline in production, and is the result of capital mal-investments into unprofitable industries on a major scale.
These capital mal-investments can occur on such a large nationwide scale only by the government over-riding the checks and balances provided by the free market, i.e., making money “cheap” (forcing banks to lower the rate of interest) by “expanding the money supply”. This “cheap” money results in irrational investment into industries that would appear unprofitable if the government did not intervene into the money supply.
Once these mal-investments are discovered, the result is a bust (depression) as the market begins the process of recovering from these mal-investments of capital.
To prevent such a depression from occurring only one action is required: keep government out of the money supply and marketplace, by establishing a free-market for money (other variations on this theme are possible, this is only one such alternative), repeal of all irrational regulation, and the installment into law of objective legislation (where it does not already exist).
Black Tuesday took place on October 29, 1929. It was characterized by a depression with increasing unemployment (but still under 10%). During the stock market crash of 1929 unemployment peaked at 9 percent, and then drifted downwards until it reached 6.3% in June 1930.
The Stock Market Crash was caused fundamentally by the the FED’s policies of inflation (increasing the money supply with decreasing interest rates) that lead to a speculative boom and a then to a bust once the inflation ended.
The Great Depression was a prolonged depression from 1930’s until the early 1940s. It was characterized with unemployment levels of up to 25%, mass bank and mass business failures.
Anti-capitalist economists and historians claim the crash was the trigger of the great Depression of the 1930’s.
The Great Depression of the 1930’s was caused by the government’s intervention into the economy. The recession of 1929/1930 became “great” and prolonged by the government’s interventionist policies — from the Smoot-Hawley Tariffs to “The New Deal”– that prevented the market from restoring normalcy. Observe that in the 1920’s and 1987 Stock Market crashes there was no great depression, but minor recessions, because there was no great intervention.
The New Deal was an attempt by Roosevelt to use the crisis surrounding the recession following the Stock Market Crash of 1929 as an excuse to intervene in the economy.
Interventions of the New Deal included: the National Industrial Recovery Act (1933) which controlled industrial prices and wages; the Agricultural Adjustment Act (1933) to control agricultural prices and output (paying farmers not to produce); the National Labor Relations Act (1935) to control wage prices by forcing employers to negotiate with government empowered unions; the Glass-Steagall Act which created the FDIC, federally insuring deposits; and many others. In addition FDR made thousands of executive orders which created further uncertainty and disruption of the economy.
Uncertainty led to people to hold onto their money (“hoarding”) as opposed to investing it as they were waiting to see what the government would do next.
President Herbert Hoover was not a “do-nothing” President, but was in fact was an interventionist who created stimulus programs which Roosevelt later amplified (as a parallel Obama amplification of Bush W’s “stimulus” programs).
In the U.S. it became worse thanks to Franklin Delano Roosevelt (elected 1932) government’s intervention through a variety of interventionist policies into the economy such as the The New Deal.
What World War II did end were the regulations of the New Deal that crippled the economy. Wars, though sometimes necessary, are negative on an economy in the sense that capital that could be allocated to productive uses for creating wealth used toward creating weapons for war.